Learning lino print - Practice makes perfect, ish

Updated: May 31

How often do we think we need to be an expert at something the first time that we tried it?


It's something I've been reflecting on while out on long walks. Two years ago I did a two-day navigation course in the Yorkshire Dales. I now think I should be an expert at navigation and happy in the mountains. But I’m not. I live in the vale of York. I don’t get up mountains very often. So I’m not going to be super confident the first time round. It’s going to take practice and it’s going to take time. I need to stop giving myself a hard time if I feel anxious or take a wrong turn.


A reminder that we don’t always get things right the first time round. A reminder that we learn as we go. A reminder to myself that we don’t become an expert on day one of learning something new.


And the one thing to remember most of all? Is to enjoy the journey, rather than focusing on the end result.


So if you are doing one of my online courses, been to my workshops or are teaching yourself. Don’t be too hard on yourself. I’ve been practicing and making linocut prints properly for nearly 6 years and still have a lot to learn!


Perfectionism

Hands up. I am a perfectionist. Or as the way I prefer to frame it, I have high standards. That’s all very well and good but if I’m learning a new skill, whether that’s baking bread, wood turning or yoga. I’m not going to be an expert after just one lesson or course.


But how many of us really do think that? We try something new. In our minds what we’ve made is rubbish or we’re no good at it. It doesn’t meet our very high expectations and we get disappointed. Maybe give it a few more goes, then we give up. I was a bit like that with mountain biking. I’m technically not very good. Risk averse and a bit timid. I used to berate myself for not whizzing down a steep rocky trail when the friends I was with could. But just maybe I needed extra lessons that were right for me and a bit more time. Don’t we all learn at different speeds and in different ways? Maybe it was just about having fun. Maybe it was about finding people to cycle with that were at a similar level.


Lower your expectations

Teaching linocut workshops has taught me many things. One of which relates to the above. Some students come along saying “I can’t draw” or “I’m not creative”, others have an array of crafts and creative hobbies. What I absolutely love is seeing how the first types of students blossom during the day. Their faces when they peel back the paper to reveal their first lino print is priceless. I confess I often have a ‘proud mum’ tear in my eye. I suspect their joy is in many ways, about having low expectations of what they’d make. They booked a workshop to give something new a go, without the aspiration of becoming an expert at it in one day.


Enjoy the process

And there lies the secret. The joy of making is not about the finished product. It’s about the process. I could quite happily carve and print lino prints until the cows come home. I get completely absorbed in what I’m doing in the state of creative flow. I’m the same with baking, sewing, upcycling stuff and DIY. In fact anything when I’m hands on making something. That’s my meditation, my switching off and happy place.


Learning to linocut - my 1st linocut print

I first tried lino print in July 2013. There was a craft fair at the Merchant Adventurers' Hall in York. One of the makers had a 'have a go' table. I’d always liked the style of linocut and thought I’d have a go.


This is the hedgehog I carved and printed there. Does anyone know who it might have been? I have a hell of a lot to thank them for giving me the linocutting bug!


Photos

Hedgehog lino print - July 2013

At the time, I was design manager for the cook and dine range for George Home at Asda. My job was quite full on and I was often thinking about ideas at home. It left little head space for my own creations. Any spare time I had was spent getting away from it all and gardening, walking or cycling. I did a bit of lino cutting for some tableware designs at work and a few lino prints for myself but not much.


Time to play

It wasn't until I was made redundant in January 2016 that I found the time to play with lino properly.


I’ve been having a spring clean and sort out over Christmas and New Year. I realised that I’d carved and printed a lino print of Holgate Windmill five times before I was happy with it. Yes five!

Holgate Windmill lino printing blocks
Holgate Windmill lino printing blocks

This is what prompted me to write this blog. Firstly to say that it takes time and practice to learn a new skill. Secondary, to reflect on how my skills have developed over time.


I thought it would be useful for you to see this progression too. The lino prints my students make are far better than any of my early creations! You’ll also see how my methods have changed as I’ve learnt. Apart from that first ‘have a go’ session, I’m self taught. I think crafting is in my DNA. I bought a few books on stamping and off I went and to a point made it up as I went along. The joy of that is that I’ve had a huge learning curve. Some things have worked and some things haven’t. Learning by mistake is one of the best ways of learning.


You’ll also see how my methods have changed as I’ve learnt. Apart from that first ‘have a go’ session, I’m self taught. I think crafting is in my DNA. I bought a few books on stamping and off I went and to a point made it up as I went along. The joy of that is that I’ve had a huge learning curve. Some things have worked and some things haven’t. Learning by mistake is one of the best ways of learning.


Learn by mistake

Spot the deliberate mistake below? I forgot to reverse the design before carving the first lino print. Then over the next 2 years I learnt how to carve straight lines and rectangular shapes better. You can see how each design has evolved. The close up images make me cringe but I thought you’d find them useful to see!


Photos

Holgate Windmill lino print 1 - October 2015

Holgate Windmill lino print 2 - October 2015

Holgate Windmill lino print 3 - April 2016

Holgate Windmill lino print 4 - December 2016

Holgate Windmill lino print 5 - October 2017


Photos

Details from each Holgate Windmill linocut print in order of when I made them.


One-colour lino prints

The best way to get to grips with lino printing is making one colour prints. These are some of the one colour prints I made when I first started. Some are carved into traditional lino but most as SoftCut or easy carve lino. I used a beginners set of Essdee lino tools for all of them. Although I had an inexpensive Essdee roller I liked using my late grandad's old wallpaper roller. Most of the time I printed on cheap wallpaper lining paper because it didn’t matter if I made mistakes. There’s nothing like expensive paper to give you creative block! Bear in mind that it isn’t acid free and gets darker in colour over time when it’s exposed to light.

Photos

Robin lino print Christmas card - December 2013

Deer lino print Christmas card - December 2014

Hedgehog lino print - July 2016

Sea Days lino print - September 2016

Tree lino print Christmas card - December 2016


Hand-coloured lino prints

The easiest way to make a lino print multi-coloured is by hand colouring it. I used my old watercolour set from college. The designs were printed in Hawthorn’s oil-based ink which meant the printing colour didn’t run or smudge.

Photos

Birds hand coloured lino print - May 2014

Pom hand coloured pom tree lino print - August 2016

Tree hand coloured lino print - April 2016


Printing with more than one colour: Jigsaw lino prints and printing with SoftCut lino shapes


I soon wanted to make multi-coloured prints with my oil-based inks. I’d bought a couple of books on stamping and printing with found objects. They used foam, rubbers or easy carve lino to make cut out stamps.


This inspired me to try the lino print ideas below. They all use SoftCut lino and are printed by hand. I carved the details of the design first and then cut out the shapes. The jigsaw lino print designs were carved into one piece of lino and then cut apart to form a jigsaw. The process means that the lino blocks can be inked up, arranged together and then printed in one go. This technique works best for SoftCut or easy carve lino. You need to be careful that the pieces don’t move as you hand-burnish them with a wooden spoon or similar (Hand-burnish means rubbing the back of the paper to transfer the ink from the block to the paper). I did need several hands and more fingers than I have to print some designs!


Photos

Teal Blooms lino print, using cut out SoftCut lino shapes - July 2016

Yorkshire Dales 1 'jigsaw' lino print - July 2016

Blush Blooms lino print, using cut out SoftCut lino shapes - August 2016

Autumn Trees 'jigsaw' lino print - December 2016

Partridge lino print, using cut out SoftCut lino shapes - January 2017



Printing with more than one colour: Multi-block lino prints


In July 2017 I bought a Hawthorn Printmaker Supplies etching press. I discovered that SoftCut or easy carve lino is susceptible moving when using an etching or roller press. In August I bought some good quality Pfeil lino cutting tools, which meant I was able to carve the harder traditional grey hessian backed lino. It’s more stable and prints better with a press.


My earlier designs used 2 lino blocks. Now I use up to 6 lino blocks. The fewer blocks there are, the easier registration is. Registration means the lining up of each colour being printed.

Photos

Hole of Horcum multi-block lino print - September 2017

Moon Gazing Hare multi-block lino print - December 2017

Robin Hood’s bay multi-block lino print - January 2018

Curlew multi-block lino print - September 2018

Whitby Steps multi-block lino print - August 2018

Swaledale II multi-block lino print - May 2021

Langdale Pikes multi-block lino print - August 2021

I hope you found this blog useful.

Michelle


Would you like to learn how to make a linocut print?

Online courses

Online self-paced learning. Full access for one year, so that you can study at your own pace and home. Instructional videos and step-by-step guides.

  • Beginners guide to linocut printing

  • How to make a multi-block linocut print

Linocut workshops

My linocut workshops are all held in my York print studio. I teach in small groups of no more than four people, so that everyone gets lots of one to one tuition.

  • Introduction to linocut printing workshop

  • Follow on 'jigsaw' linocut printing workshop

See my linocut workshops and online courses page for links to each of my courses and workshops.


Linocut and printmaking tools and materials

Find out more about the tools and equipment needed to create linocut prints in my 'lino cutting equipment' blog.


See step-by-step how I make my linocut prints

See examples of how I make my linocut prints in the Studio Diary section of my blog.


To be first to hear about my latest designs, online courses and workshops please join my mailing list.


Happy linocutting!

Michelle

 

About the artist

Michelle Hughes is a North Yorkshire landscape artist. Much of her work depicts the Yorkshire landscape and Yorkshire coast, including the Yorkshire Dales and North York Moors.


Michelle loves exploring the British countryside by bike or on foot, camera in hand, capturing ideas for her next prints. Back in her garden studio, Michelle creates simple but stylised silhouettes based on her photographs, and hand carves these shapes into lino. She hand prints with an etching press, using oil-based inks to create tonal blocks of colour. Michelle’s original linocut prints are limited editions.



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